Kateryna Bornukova|Uladzimir Valetka|Jose Cuesta| Gleb Shymanovich| 29.12.2020
UNICEF Policy Brief: Commitment To Equity For Children: Redistributive Effects And Efficiency Of Social Assistance To Households With Children In Belarus
The main objective of the study was to understand the redistributive effects of social and fiscal policies on children in Belarus. Accordingly, researchers considered not only monetary poverty but also multidimensional child poverty (MDCP).
Aleh Mazol| 12.02.2019
Education of children and parents: intergenerational mobility and impact on income
Improving quality of education led to the reduction of the social inequality and growth of equal opportunities in many countries. This policy paper examines the issue of intergenerational mobility in Belarus and looks at to what extent the level of parental education impacts on the income of individuals. The results reflect high and significant level of social mobility in the country for all age cohorts. In general, there is a significant growth in the educational level of the younger generation in relation to their parents.
Kateryna Bornukova|Gleb Shymanovich|Alexander Chubrik| 10.06.2017
Fiscal Incidence in Belarus: A Commitment to Equity Analysis
The paper employs the Commitment to Equity (CEQ) framework to present a first attempt at a comprehensive fiscal incidence analysis for Belarus, encompassing both the revenue and expenditures components of the fiscal system, including direct and indirect taxes, as well as direct, indirect and in-kind transfers. The analysis reveals that fiscal policies in Belarus effectively redistribute income from the top to the bottom of the income distribution. Direct transfers, in particular pensions, are the most equalizing and pro-poor of the fiscal interventions – direct transfers and direct taxes lower the national poverty headcount by 17 percentage points and lower the Gini index of inequality from 0.407 to 0.267. Some of the indirect taxes, on the other hand, are regressive, and indirect transfers – poorly targeted, such that the effect of these components of the fiscal system is not equalizing. Finally, the cost-efficiency of different parts of the fiscal system in Belarus varies considerably. Unemployment benefits, pensions and child benefits are found to be cost-efficient, while indirect subsidies are highly cost-inefficient. The analysis points towards possible reforms that would allow to reduce poverty and inequality more efficiently.
Aleh Mazol| 11.08.2016
Spatial wage inequality in Belarus
This paper studies the wage inequality in Belarus' districts from 2000 till 2015 following the multi-step and multi-mechanism framework. The empirical results show: first, that wage disparities across the districts decreased in the 2000-2012 period and then increased from 2013 to 2015; second, there is the spatial dependency in district wages and increasing separation between districts, and between rural and urban population in Belarus; third, the main economic factors that contribute to decrease in district wage inequality are industrial development, retail trade and agricultural development. Finally, from theoretical point of view this research rejects the inverted U-shaped relationship between spatial inequality and economic development for Belarus and supports the hypothesis made by French economist Thomas Piketty that slow growth rates lead to rising inequality.
Alina Verashchagina|Francesco Pastore| 11.04.2010
When Does Transition Increase the Gender Wage Gap?
This is the first paper to study the evolution of the gender wage gap in the Republic of Belarus.